SIGMA 25 Years Characters


Creating Change Together - In my Lifetime

Policy development and co-ordination character purple

Policy development and co-ordination


Policies are the translation of ideas into efficient strategies to enable a government to achieve its objectives. They create value for societies at large by building better environments in which the quality of life is improved and doing business becomes easier. Such policies are most effectively developed and implemented when there is a well-organised, co-ordinated, consistent and competent policy-making system. The roles of the different institutions should be clearly defined so as to avoid overlapping or fragmentation.

Policymaking must be inclusive and rely on evidence so that the creation of a new policy achieves the intended objective. Using relevant data, analysing likely impacts and engaging those affected is the best way to ensure that policy decisions are relevant and applicable, as well as understandable for citizens and businesses.

While creating new policies or changing the existing ones, decision makers should take into account that legislation needs to be predictable and consistent. To reach fruition, policies require effective communication and public consultation, and implementation plans which respect the budget available and financial sustainability.

If these steps are followed, policy development and co-ordination will generate transparent, efficient and clear policies which will improve people’s lives.

PFM character

Public financial management


Public financial management is a central component of public administration reform. An active strategic framework of reforms needs projections based on realistic finances in order to attain the desired economic and social policy objectives to benefit  citizens and businesses.

Sound management of public finances is essential as the government sets the trends for public and private investments. Cash and debt management, and the reporting of financial data, must be monitored, transparent and based on reliable information, including public procurement, where practices need to be particularly clear and honest to avoid corruption.

Robust public financial management systems need to be implemented in all the elements of the budget cycle, including internal and external audits. A well-functioning internal audit is independent and objective. It provides assurance and advice, which adds value and improves an organisation’s operation. Furthermore, to strengthen the accountability of a government and public sector entities in general, scrutiny from an independent and professional Supreme Audit Institution (SAI) is essential.

Once implemented and visible, these high standards of public financial management create a greater level of trust amongst citizens towards their governments.

 Creating a vision and choosing a direction

Strategic framework of public administration reform


In PAR, a strategic framework embodies the vision a government has for the development of an effective public administration in their country. PAR is a critical horizontal reform area because it provides the foundation for all other policies to be built on.

Strategic planning is needed to create an ambitious but achievable roadmap for implementing policies in every sector of government. These policies should translate ideas and priorities into clear objectives. Institutions should be tasked with realising them, the necessary resources allocated for successful implementation and performance indicators established to measure achievements.

An effective strategic framework will allow a government to prioritise within and between different sectors, to make difficult choices in order to forge a citizen-focused administration and a balanced budget for their countries, for years to come.

Citizens want to see a brighter future become a reality. For this to happen, governments need to have clear direction and leadership. Goals must be set and systems transformed so that citizens and businesses can see benefits today, as well as longer-term results.



 Credit to the TEN network and WeBER project





Related Documents