• 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 264kb

    Setting the Award Criteria (Policy brief No. 8, September 2016)

    The Directives limit the award criteria to either the lowest-price criterion or the most economically advantageous tender criterion. This brief explains the lowest-price criterion and which methods can be used to identify the most economically advantageous tender. It also provides a checklist of the main points to be addressed when defining the overall strategy concerning the award criteria to be applied in a contract award procedure.

  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 226kb

    Advertising (Policy brief No. 6, September 2016)

    This brief provides the reader with guidance on where and when notices for contracts subject to the European Union public procurement Directives must be advertised. It also provides information on other methods of keeping the market informed. It gives guidance on the correction of contract notices which contain incorrect information, on how to complete and dispatch contract notices electronically, and special rules for Utilities.

  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 211kb

    Understanding the EU Financial Thresholds (Policy brief No. 5, September 2016)

    The EU Public Procurement Directives only apply to contracts of a value that meet or exceed the relevant EU financial threshold. This brief aims to increase understanding of what principles apply to the calculation of financial thresholds and of the value of individual contracts.

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  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 293kb

    Which Contracts are Covered by the Procurement Directives? (Policy brief No. 4, September 2016)

    The EU Public Procurement Directives cover three main types of contracts: works, supplies and services including design contests. This brief gives an overview of these different types of contracts, and contract classification as well as exemptions from the scope of the Directives.

  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 223kb

    What is a Contracting Authority? (Policy brief No. 3, September 2016)

    The public procurement Directives only apply if a body is a contracting authority within the definition of the Directives. This brief gives guidance on the notion of a contracting authority/entity under the directives (especially the concept of “a body governed by public law”). It also analyses whether a contracting authority can participate in joint purchasing or central purchasing.

  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 250kb

    Economic Issues in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 2, September 2016)

    Effective procurement strategies, which control costs and streamline processes, are vital to all contracting authorities. Pursuing the best value-for-money in public procurement, while keeping the process management costs down, requires several crucial decisions. A number of closely interlinked economic factors come in to play in these decisions. This brief aims to provide practical guidance regarding these decisions.

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  • 20-January-2017

    English, PDF, 242kb

    Public Procurement in the EU (Policy brief No. 1, September 2016)

    This brief provides a description of the legal framework of the EU public procurement system: two “procedural” Directives for the public sector (2004/18/EC) and for the utilities sector (2004/17/EC), and two other “remedies” Directives (89/66/EEC, 92/13/EEC, both amended by Directive 2007/66/EC). Additionally, Directive 2009/81/EC applies to the procurement of military supplies, works and services.

  • 9-May-2016

    English, PDF, 1,718kb

    Principles of Public Administration for European Neighbourhood Policy countries (SIGMA 2016)

    These Principles are aimed at developing a shared understanding of what public administration reform entails and what countries could aim for with their administrative reforms, whether through comprehensive public administration reform (PAR) programmes or only in one of the core areas of PAR.

  • 18-March-2015


    Public Procurement Training Manual

    The public procurement training manual was produced by SIGMA in 2010. It has been updated in 2015 following three new public procurement directives adopted by the European Union in 2014.

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  • 18-November-2014

    English, PDF, 2,138kb

    Principles of Public Administration for EU Enlargement countries (SIGMA 2014)

    Principles of Public Administration provide a detailed definition of good public administration that the Western Balkan countries and Turkey should be aiming for as European Union Accession countries. These principles supplement the European Commission Enlargement package, which defined public administration reform as a pillar of the enlargement process.

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