• 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 300kb

    EU Directives 2014 - Concessions (Policy brief No. 31, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief presents the new EU public procurement Directive (2014/23/EU) on award of concession contracts. The Directive is part of a recently adopted EU legislative package reforming the EU public procurement rules. A separate procurement brief (No. 30) focuses on the 2014 Public Sector Directive and the 2014 Utilities Directive.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 335kb

    Remedies (Policy brief No. 12, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief gives an overview of different issues of remedies, such as right to claim remedies, bodies examining complaints and legal cases relating to procurement, available types of remedies, the so-called standstill period, ineffectiveness of concluded contracts, general principles to be observed by review bodies and contracting authorities.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 458kb

    Use of Official Automatic Exclusion Lists in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 24, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Brief No. 24 focuses on the issue of whether it is permitted under EU law to use an official automatic exclusion list for reasons related to prior contract performance, especially in the light of the newest judgements of the Court of Justice of the European Union (case C 465/11).

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 797kb

    EU Directives 2014 - Public Sector and Utilities Procurement (Policy brief No. 30, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This procurement brief sets out the major changes incorporated into the 2014 public sector and utilities directives. The brief is not intended to provide an exhaustive analysis of all of the changes. A separate procurement brief (No. 31) focuses on the Concessions Directive 2014/23/EU.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 352kb

    Defence Procurement (Policy brief No. 23, September 2016, Macedonian)

    SIGMA brief 23 gives a short overview of the particular characteristics of defence procurement and how defence procurement is organised in the European Union. It also gives an overview of the regulatory framework of the European Union with special attention to the Defence and Security Directive (2009/81/EC). It also covers some other linking issues such as offsets and parallel regimes.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 447kb

    Detecting and Correcting Common Errors in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 29, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief gives a short overview of the issue of common errors in public procurement. For the purposes of the brief, errors are understood as infringements of public procurement rules and principles, regardless of the stage of the procedure. It analyses the types of errors and their impact on the results of the public procurement procedure.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 318kb

    Contract Management (Policy brief No. 22, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Contracts are frequently complex, may involve multiple actors, may last a long time and may consume many resources. It is therefore vital that they are properly managed. SIGMA Brief 22 first describes the process of contract management and then presents contract management in practice and post-contract performance review.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 341kb

    Central Purchasing Bodies (Policy brief No. 20, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief focuses on Central Purchasing Bodies that base their operations on the awarding and use of centralised framework agreements. It also discusses the key operational issues for these bodies. Finally the brief presents important “lessons learnt” as well as risk and success factors.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 346kb

    Performance Measurement (Policy brief No. 21, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief explains the rationale for measuring performance in public procurement, the benefits of effective performance management and also gives guidance on how to measure performance. Finally, it sets out some examples of methodologies which could be used to determine performance at different levels of the public procurement system.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 299kb

    What is a Contracting Authority? (Policy brief No. 3, September 2016, Macedonian)

    The public procurement Directives only apply if a body is a contracting authority within the definition of the Directives. This brief gives guidance on the notion of a contracting authority/entity under the directives (especially the concept of “a body governed by public law”). It also analyses whether a contracting authority can participate in joint purchasing or central purchasing.

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