• 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 322kb

    Framework Agreements (Policy brief No. 19, September 2016, Macedonian)

    SIGMA brief 19 aims to give guidance on several issues of framework agreements such as whether framework agreements are suitable for all purchasing, when and how a framework agreement must be advertised, what procedure is used for procuring a framework agreement, or what the duration of a framework agreement is.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 350kb

    Economic Issues in Public Procurement (Policy brief No. 2, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Effective procurement strategies, which control costs and streamline processes, are vital to all contracting authorities. Pursuing the best value-for-money in public procurement, while keeping the process management costs down, requires several crucial decisions. A number of closely interlinked economic factors come in to play in these decisions. This brief aims to provide practical guidance regarding these decisions.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 327kb

    Public Procurement in the EU (Policy brief No. 1, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief provides a description of the legal framework of the EU public procurement system: two “procedural” Directives for the public sector (2004/18/EC) and for the utilities sector (2004/17/EC), and two other “remedies” Directives (89/66/EEC, 92/13/EEC, both amended by Directive 2007/66/EC). Additionally, Directive 2009/81/EC applies to the procurement of military supplies, works and services.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 390kb

    In-house Procurement and Public/Public Co-operation (Policy brief No. 39, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This public procurement brief explains to what extent and in which conditions a contracting authority is free to apply in-house exceptions without breaching the public procurement rules.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 418kb

    Contract Modifications (Policy brief No. 38, September 2016, Macedonian)

    It is not generally permitted for a contracting authority and an economic operator to agree to change an existing contract. The terms of the concluded contract should reflect the commitments made in the offer that was selected as the most economically advantageous. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 313kb

    Subcontracting (Policy brief No. 37, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Subcontracting occurs when an economic operator that has been awarded a public contract entrusts another entity with the performance of part of the works or services that are the subject matter of that contract. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 394kb

    Audit of Procurement (Policy brief No. 28, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief aims to give guidance to auditors dealing with public procurement processes. Based on audit experience, it examines the stages that are worth looking at and explains why. It highlights those aspects that are recommended to be considered in more detail. It also gives advice as to which documents the auditor is suggested to scrutinise in order to find evidence.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 361kb

    Procurement Tools (Policy brief No. 11, September 2016, Macedonian)

    This brief focuses on three specific modern types of procurement tools: framework agreements, electronic auctions and dynamic purchasing systems. EU Member States have the option of deciding whether or not to implement provisions permitting these procurement tools.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 376kb

    Division of Contracts into Lots (Policy brief No. 36, September 2016, Macedonian)

    One of the main choices in public procurement is to determine whether the works, supplies or services that are the subject matter of the procurement are to be acquired by using one contract or by using a number of separate contracts or lots, which may be awarded and performed by different economic operators. Read more.

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  • 24-July-2017

    Macedonian, PDF, 338kb

    Abnormally Low Tenders (Policy brief No. 35, September 2016, Macedonian)

    Contracting authorities may argue that the least expensive offer ensures the achievement of the important financial goal of budgetary savings. Read more.

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